History of Ideas III. Modern Thought
The Renaissance: its origins. The ideal of liberty and the emergence of humanism. Arts and modern capitalism. The age of princes. Machiavelli: man’s nature and political morality. Reformation and the birth of European States. Lutheranism and absolutism. The age of discoveries and a new conception of the universe. Counter Reformation and constitutionalism: Francisco Suárez and the natural-law theory of State. Society, culture, theater and literature in 16th and 17th centuries. William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes. Science and philosophy: Francis Bacon, Isaac Newton and Rene Descartes. The English revolution: John Locke and the parliamentarian theory. The Enlightenment. The Encyclopedia. Rationalism and sentimentalism: Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Napoleon and the end of the Holy Roman Empire.
Tuesday, 1:30-4:30 p.m