The Corpus Hispanorum de Pace
During most of the 16th Century in Europe, what has been called a theological and philosophical restoration [Maurice de Wulf] took place, principally, at the University of Salamanca. Although the exact influence exerted by the members of the Salamanca School in the development of modern thought is still an open question, it has become increasingly clear that modern thinkers such as Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Wolff, Pufendorf and Grotius were strongly influenced by theories developed in the School. The members of the University of Salamanca wrote extensively about a large number of theological, philosophical and legal matters, which have been integrated in what is known as the Corpus Hispanorum de Pace. The seminar will explore some of the most significant theories of that Corpus developed by Francisco de Vitoria, Domingo de Soto, Melchor Cano, Bartolomé de las Casas and Francisco Suárez. We will focus, among other relevant points, on ethics and the natural-law theory of the state, the communitas orbis and the law of war, the legitimacy and the limitations of political power, the emergence of the subjective concept of ius, the political community as a moral entity, modern constitutionalism and the contractarian approach to political obligation.
Wednesday, 1:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.