Hebrews is a literary masterpiece with a unique Christology. This epistle is addressed to a community in danger of falling away from its original confession of faith. The author invites these believers to participate in a divine liturgy of enthronement of Jesus Christ as Son of God and as High Priest (Heb 1 – 2) in order to show them that they can share in the power of Christ through faith and to assure them that this high priest now in heaven has offered an eternal and everlasting sacrifice for the remission of their sins. While admitting that Jesus would not be priest if he were still on earth (Heb 7:14; 8:4), the text will build the figure of Christ as high priest by reinterpreting a series of biblical figures: Son, Son of man, Jesus, the One who is sent and Priest, Moses and Aaron, Melchizedek (Heb 3:1 – 7:10).
Jean Doutre, O.P.